Codes of Conduct for Property Management Industry Entitled “Handling Moneys Received on Behalf of Clients by Property Management Companies” and “Obligations of Property Management Companies Regarding the Ending of their Appointment” Will Be Gazetted Tomorrow

The Property Management Services Authority (PMSA) today announced that pursurant to Section 5(1) of the Property Management Services Ordinance (PMSO), two draft Codes of Conduct entitled “Handling Moneys Received on Behalf of Clients by Property Management Companies” and “Obligations of Property Management Companies Regarding the Ending of their Appointment” will be gazetted and take effect tomorrow (7 May 2021).

 

Code of Conduct – “Handling Moneys Received on Behalf of Clients by Property Management Companies”

 

The purpose of this Code of Conduct is to require a licensed property management company (PMC) to establish a proper mechanism for handling moneys received for various daily transactions on behalf of their clients to whom they provide property management (PM) services, including the collection of management fees from property owners and the settlement of various fees in respect of service providers.

 

Mr Tony TSE, the PMSA Chairperson said, “Misunderstandings and disputes between PMC and owners / residents often occur, arising from the PMC handling the collection of PM related payments on behalf of their clients and this affects the mutual relationship and the confidence of the owners / residents in the PMC.  If the PMC has a prudent and transparent mechanism to handle these matters, it would obviate disputes and complaints amongst the owners / residents and the PMC, and the PMC can provide better quality and more professional PM services.”

 

In addition, this Code of Conduct and the related Best Practice Guide also provide licensed PMC with practical guidelines to keep records and documents in relation to moneys received and payments made (such as cheques, pay-in slips, withdrawal slips, copies of receipts and monthly statements), such as storing the relevant record files in a lockable device and kept by an authorized person, as well as arranging designated officers to ensure that the moneys received are deposited into a designated account, and checking the relevant accounting records, etc.

 

Code of Conduct – “Obligations of Property Management Companies Regarding the Ending of their Appointment”

 

PMCs are often engaged on contract basis.  When switching to a new PMC service, owners’ organisations often face the problem that the newly and previously engaged PMCs fail to carry out handover smoothly.  In order to improve the PMC handover process at the end of an appointment, this Code of Conduct sets out clearly various arrangements that a PMC can follow.

 

Mr Tony TSE, the PMSA Chairperson added, “If the handover between the previously and newly engaged PMCs can be carried out smoothly and in an orderly manner, the disruption on PM work during the handover can be minimised, and the related complaints against PM services can also be reduced.”

 

This Code of Conduct and related Best Practice Guide provide practical guidance regarding the handover arrangements of outgoing PMC and the transfer of related movable properties.  In addition, if the outgoing PMC serves as a secretary or treasurer for the owner’s organisation during its appointment, the transfer of movable properties has to be handled in accordance with the requirements set out in this Code of Conduct, and the outgoing PMC has to arrange for the account and balance sheet to be audited by an accountant specified by the relevant owners’ organisation or other independent auditor so that the handover process can be completed smoothly.

 

Mr Tony TSE, the PMSA Chairperson stated, “The two Codes of Conduct to be gazetted tomorrow, on the one hand, provide PMCs and PM practitioners with practical guidelines for handling PM-related moneys received on behalf of clients and for the handover work of PMC at the end of its appointment.  On the other hand, the Codes of Conduct also provide owners’ organisations with reference to facilitate them to systematically review the financial arrangements in respect of their properties as managed by the PMC, as well as the various matters that need to be addressed when changing PMC service.”

 

The above Codes of Conduct and Best Practice Guides can be downloaded from the following PMSA webpage:

 

Subject Download Codes of Conduct and Best Practice Guides
Handling Moneys Received on behalf of Clients by Property Management Companies
Obligations of Property Management Companies regarding the Ending of their Appointment

 

The above codes and guidelines are formulated in consultation with the PM industry and owners’ organisations, which include the holding of a focus group discussion online on 24 February, whereby views from around 30 representatives of 13 industry associations were collected.  The feedback collected from the consultation has been appropriately reflected in the codes and guidelines.

 

The PMSA will issue other Codes of Conduct and Best Practice Guides timely, covering different PM areas in order to provide guidance to the industry, including but not limited to the following:-

 

  • Handling instrument of appointing a proxy regarding meetings of owners’ corporation / owners;
  • Provision of prescribed information and financial documents to clients;
  • Anti-corruption;
  • Prescribed conditions of licence;
  • Mechanism of handling emergencies;
  • Personal data protection;
  • Managing scaffolding works to be carried out at a property;
  • Carrying out procurement for clients; and
  • Mechanism of managing distribution of promotional material at a property.

 

The PMSA has issued Codes of Conduct in relation to “General Code of Conduct”, “Complaint Handling Mechanism of Property Management Companies”, and “Effective Control over Property Management Business by Property Management Companies” as well as the related guides for the PM industry.

 

Ends/Thursday, 6 May 2021

Issued at HKT 18:00

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Effective Control over Property Management Business by Property Management Companies

Copy No.: C3/2021
Effective Date: 8 January 2021

Preamble

The following code of conduct (“Code”) is issued by the Property Management Services Authority pursuant to section 5 of the Property Management Services Ordinance (“PMSO”) and contains practical guidance for the purposes of section 4 of the PMSO (disciplinary offences). Although a licensee1 does not incur a legal liability only because the licensee has contravened a provision of the Code, the Code is admissible in evidence in disciplinary hearings, and proof that a licensee contravened or did not contravene the relevant provision of the Code may be relied on as tending to establish or negate a matter that is in issue in the hearings.

Code

Establishing mechanism for effective control over business

A(1) A licensed property management company (“licensed PMC”) has to establish an effective control mechanism (“mechanism”) for its business to provide property management services (“PMSs”). The mechanism shall include the following elements:

  • Establishing management team structure;
  • Setting out work guidelines;
  • Providing sufficient manpower;
  • Providing sufficient resources;
  • Providing appropriate training;
  • Effective monitoring;
  • Regular assessment;
  • Taking appropriate follow-up actions;
  • Keeping records; and
  • Supervising sub-contractors.

Establishing management team structure

B(1) A licensed PMC has to, with respect to each property for which PMSs are provided by it, establish a management team structure and prepare a management team operational chart to enable its employees to know the structure of the management team in order to facilitate carrying out duties and reporting work development.

Setting out work guidelines

C(1) A licensed PMC has to set out proper work procedures and clear guidelines for its employees to follow in the provision of PMSs. A licensed PMC has to review and/or update the relevant work procedures and guidelines regularly to ensure that they comply with operational requirements.

Providing sufficient manpower

D(1) A licensed PMC has to enter into an agreement with its client2 with respect to the provision of PMSs and has to arrange sufficient manpower to provide PMSs according to the agreement.

Providing sufficient resources

E(1) A licensed PMC has to provide necessary and suitable material and equipment to its employees so as to enable them to provide PMSs effectively under safe working conditions.

Providing appropriate training

F(1) A licensed PMC has to provide appropriate training to its employees in the provision of PMSs in order to enable them to perform their duties in compliance with the relevant work procedures and guidelines. A licensed PMC has to strengthen training for employees who fail to perform their duties according to the relevant work procedures and guidelines.

Effective monitoring

G(1) A licensed PMC has to continuously and effectively monitor the work and conduct of its employees who provide PMSs and has to conduct regular review to ensure that its employees follow the relevant work procedures and guidelines.

Regular assessment

H(1) A licensed PMC has to periodically evaluate the work performance of its employees who provide PMSs in order to determine whether its employees have followed the relevant work procedures and guidelines and consider whether it is necessary to strengthen training or provide further guidance.

Taking appropriate follow-up actions

I(1) A licensed PMC has to take appropriate follow-up actions in respect of employees who fail to follow the relevant work procedures and guidelines.

Keeping records

J(1) A licensed PMC has to keep the relevant information and documents in relation to the implementation of the Code for not less than 3 years.

Supervising sub-contractors

K(1) If a licensed PMC sub-contracts all or part of its PMSs to a sub-contractor or a service provider, the licensed PMC has to supervise the sub-contractor or service provider suitably, no matter whether the sub-contractor or service provider is a licensee or not.

Note

  1. The term “licensee” means the holder of the following licence: a PMC licence; a PMP (Tier 1) licence; a PMP (Tier 2) licence; a provisional PMP (Tier 1) licence; or a provisional PMP (Tier 2) licence.
  2. The term “client” has the same meaning as defined in section 16 of the PMSO, i.e. “in relation to a property for which a licensed PMC provides property management services, means— (a) the owners’ organization of the property; and (b) the owners of the property who pay or are liable to pay the management expenses in respect of the services”. According to such definition, a tenant is not a client.
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Complaint Handling Mechanism of Property Management Companies

Copy No.: C2/2021
Effective Date: 8 January 2021

Preamble

The following code of conduct (“Code”) is issued by the Property Management Services Authority pursuant to section 5 of the Property Management Services Ordinance (“PMSO”) and contains practical guidance for the purposes of section 4 of the PMSO (disciplinary offences). Although a licensee1 does not incur a legal liability only because the licensee has contravened a provision of the Code, the Code is admissible in evidence in disciplinary hearings, and proof that a licensee contravened or did not contravene the relevant provision of the Code may be relied on as tending to establish or negate a matter that is in issue in the hearings.

Code

Complaint procedures and systems

A(1) A licensed property management company (“licensed PMC”) has to establish an effective complaint2 handling mechanism (“mechanism”) for each property for which property management services (“PMSs”) are provided by it. A notice containing details of the mechanism shall be displayed in a prominent place in the property so as to enable the licensed PMC’s clients3 to know the details of the mechanism.

A(2) The notice mentioned in paragraph A(1) of the Code shall include the details of the mechanism and the following matters:

  • Ways of lodging a complaint;
  • Clients may obtain details of the mechanism4;
  • Personal information collection statement; and
  • Contact information of the person-in-charge (see paragraph B(1) of the Code).

A(3) The mechanism shall include the following elements:

  • Appointing a person-in-charge to supervise the handling of complaints;
  • Acknowledging receipt of and recording complaints;
  • Handling complaints promptly;
  • Notifying complainant of progress and result timely; and
  • Proper record-keeping and providing complaint information.

Appointing a person-in-charge to supervise the handling of complaints

B(1) A licensed PMC has to, for each property for which PMSs are provided by it, appoint a licensed PMP (“person-in-charge”) to supervise the handling of complaints and display the name, licence number and telephone number and/or email address of the person-in-charge in a prominent place in the property.

Acknowledging receipt of and recording complaints

C(1) Subject to paragraph E(3) of the Code, upon receipt of a complaint, the person-in-charge has to, as soon as reasonably practicable, arrange to assign a case number to the complaint, record its brief facts in the complaint register5, acknowledge receipt of the complaint and provide the case number to the complainant6.

C(2) The person-in-charge has to ensure that the following information is recorded in the complaint register: the name of the complainant (if provided); brief facts of the complaint and the date on which the complaint is recorded.

C(3) The person-in-charge has to check the complaint register regularly and rectify or arrange for rectification of any error found as soon as reasonably practicable.

Handling complaints promptly

D(1) Upon receipt of a complaint, a licensed PMC has to, as soon as reasonably practicable, carry out follow-up actions in accordance with the mechanism. However, a licensed PMC may not deal with an anonymous complaint7.

D(2) Subject to paragraph E(3) of the Code, if a licensed PMC is unable to handle the complaint (e.g. the person under complaint is not a staff member of the licensed PMC or the matter of complaint is outside the scope of the PMSs provided by the licensed PMC), the licensed PMC has to, with the consent of the complainant, refer the complaint to the relevant person or organization (e.g. management committee or owners’ committee) or advise the complainant to contact the relevant person or organization directly.

Notifying complainant of progress and result timely

E(1) Subject to paragraph E(3) of the Code, a licensed PMC has to timely notify the complainant the progress of follow-up action(s) taken.

E(2) Subject to paragraph E(3) of the Code, a licensed PMC has to, at the conclusion of follow-up action(s) taken, notify the complainant of the result, explain to the complainant the relevant follow-up action(s) taken (if any) and the reasons for reaching the conclusion (if applicable).

E(3) If the complainant is not a client or is an anonymous complainant, the licensed PMC is not required to contact or notify the complainant in accordance with the guidelines set out in paragraphs C(1), D(2), E(1) and E(2) of the Code. However, the licensed PMC still has to act in accordance with other guidelines of the Code.

Proper record-keeping and providing complaint information

F(1) A licensed PMC has to keep properly all relevant complaint information8 and documents for not less than 3 years commencing from the date of receipt of a complaint (no matter whether the complaint is established or not). A licensed PMC has to, upon written request (if any) by the owners’ organization, provide yearly statistical information on complaints (including the nature of complaints, the sub-total and total number of complaints) to the owners’ organisation.

Note

  1. The term “licensee” means the holder of the following licence: a PMC licence; a PMP (Tier 1) licence; a PMP (Tier 2) licence; a provisional PMP (Tier 1) licence; or a provisional PMP (Tier 2) licence.
  2. A licensed PMC is not required to follow the Code if it reasonably believes that a person has only made an enquiry or provided opinion or information, but has not made a complaint. A complaint may be lodged by a named or an anonymous person and such person includes a client, a user or a visitor of the relevant property. Complaints may be lodged through different ways, including complaint made verbally, by telephone, fax or email, etc. If a licensed PMC reasonably believes that the identity of a complainant cannot be ascertained through the information the complainant has provided, it may deal with the complaint as if it were an anonymous complaint.
  3. The term “client” has the same meaning as defined in section 16 of the PMSO, i.e. “in relation to a property for which a licensed PMC provides property management services, means— (a) the owners’ organization of the property; and (b) the owners of the property who pay or are liable to pay the management expenses in respect of the services”. According to such definition, a tenant is not a client.
  4. A licensed PMC may, after receipt of payment of a reasonable copying fee, provide a copy of the mechanism to a client.
  5. The complaint register may be in electronic form. Licensed PMCs may set up separate complaint registers for different parts of the property (e.g. residential area, club house, etc.).
  6. The guidelines on the requirement to contact a complainant apply to the situation where the complainant has provided contact information. If the complainant has not provided any contact information, the guidelines on contacting a complainant set out in paragraphs C(1), D(2), E(1) and E(2) of the Code do not apply.
  7. Although a licensed PMC may not deal with an anonymous complaint, it is still required to record such a complaint in the complaint register in accordance with paragraph C(1) of the Code.
  8. Relevant information includes records of verbal and telephone communication with the complainants.
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General Code of Conduct

Code No.:C1/2020
Effective Date:7 August 2020

Preamble

The following code of conduct (Code) is issued by the Property Management Services Authority (PMSA) pursuant to section 5 of the Property Management Services Ordinance (PMSO) and contains practical guidance for the purposes of section 4 of the PMSO (disciplinary offence). Although a licensee does not incur a legal liability only because the licensee has contravened a provision of the Code, the Code is admissible in evidence in disciplinary hearings, and proof that a licensee contravened or did not contravene the relevant provision of the Code may be relied on as tending to establish or negate a matter that is in issue in the hearings.

Code

  1. A licensee must not commit misconduct or neglect in a professional respect.
  2. A licensee must provide services to the licensee’s clients with honesty, fidelity and integrity.
  3. A licensee must, to the best of the licensee’s knowledge, provide accurate and relevant information or advice to the licensee’s clients to facilitate them to make informed judgments and decisions.
  4. A licensee must establish proper procedures and systems to manage and supervise the property management services provided by the licensee.
  5. A licensee must, in the course of the licensee’s practice, act in an impartial and just manner towards the licensee’s clients and any other parties concerned.
  6. A licensee should avoid conflict of interests with the licensee’s clients. In the event of possible or potential conflict of interests (whether pecuniary or beneficial interest), a licensee must as soon as reasonably practicable disclose to the licensee’s clients in detail such interests.
  7. A licensee must not maliciously injure the reputation, nor publicly disparage the practice, of other property management services providers.
  8. A licensee must not do anything which may bring disrepute to the property management profession.
  9. A licensee must, in the course of the licensee’s practice, comply with the laws of Hong Kong.

 

Note

  1. The term “licensee” means the holder of a PMC licence; a PMP (Tier 1) licence; a PMP (Tier 2) licence; a provisional PMP (Tier 1) licence; or a provisional PMP (Tier 2) licence.
  2. The term “client” has the same meaning as defined in section 16 of the PMSO. Section 16 of the PMSO provides: “client (客戶), in relation to a property for which a licensed PMC provides property management services, means— (a) the owners’ organization of the property; and (b) the owners of the property who pay or are liable to pay the management expenses in respect of the services.”
  3. To determine whether a licensee has acted in accordance with paragraphs (3) and (4) of the Code, the PMSA will consider the terms of the relevant contract entered into between the licensee and the licensee’s client in order to determine the scope of property management services to be provided and the duties to be carried out by the licensee.

Criteria for a specified academic qualification

Having an academic qualification specified by the Property Management Services Authority (PMSA) is one of the criteria for holding a property management practitioner licence.  In determining whether to specify an academic qualification, the PMSA will consider the following factors:

Level and credits under the Hong Kong Qualifications Framework

In general, a degree or equivalent qualification must have a minimum of 150 QF Credits at QF Level 5 or above, while an associate degree, a diploma or an equivalent qualification, must have a minimum of 90 QF Credits at QF Level 4 or above.

Relevance to the property management profession
The PMSA uses the “Vocational Qualifications Pathway” (VQP) formulated by the Property Management Industry Training Advisory Committee as an assessment tool. In general, a learning program must cover at least four out of the seven functional areas and one of the areas covered must be “Law in Practice”. In addition, the competency requirements covered by the program must be those formulated for the post of “property manager” (for a PMP (Tier1) licence) or “property officer” (for a PMP (Tier 2) licence) under the VQP. A functional area is not considered covered by the program unless the number of competency requirements under that functional area meets or exceeds that specified by the PMSA as follows:
Competency requirements under VOPUnits of competency requirements for property managerUnits of competency requirements for property officer
1. Management of the property environmentMinimum 3Minimum 3
2. Building repair and maintenance / improvement and enhancementMinimum 2Minimum 2
3. Property management services for owners, tenants and the communityMinimum 3Minimum 3
4. Facility managementMinimum 2Minimum 1
5. Law in practiceAll required unitsAll required units
6. Finance and asset managementMinimum 1Minimum 1
7. Human resources managementMinimum 2Minimum 2

Making an application

Organisations or educational institutions wishing to have their learning programs so specified may make an application (form in Chinese only) with the PMSA.

Note: For details of the functional areas and units of competency of the competency requirements for the positions of property managers and property officers, please refer to: https://www.hkqf.gov.hk/pm/en/vqp/pathways/index.html

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.